haubica statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Pabūklas su trumpesniu negu patrankos vamzdžiu, šaudantis iškiliąja trajektorija (pakilimo kampas iki 70°). Šiuolaikinės haubicos yra 105–203 mm kalibro, vamzdžio ilgis 15–40 kalibrų, palyginti nedidelis pradinis greitis (300–800 m/s), kovinė greitašauda iki 10 šūvių/min, šaudymo nuotolis iki 24 km (su aktyviaisiais reaktyviniais sviediniais (ARS) iki 30 km). Haubicos būna velkamosios ir savaeigės. Dabar visose kariuomenėse yra haubicos. JAV 105 mm haubica M102 (sviedinio masė 15 kg, pradinis greitis 494 m/s, šaudymo nuotolis 11,5 km, ARS – 15,1 km, kovinė greitašauda 10 šūvių/min, kovinė masė 1470 kg); JAV 105 mm haubica M50 (M101, atitinkamai 14,97 kg, 472,4 m/s, 11,27 km, 2030 kg); JAV 155 mm haubica M198 (43,6 kg, 827 m/s, 22,2 km, ARS – 30 km, 4 šūviai/min, 7 076 kg; gali šaudyti branduoliniais 0,8 kt sviediniais 14 km nuotoliu); JAV 203,2 mm haubica M115 (90,72 kg, 594 m/s, 16,8 km, 1 šūvis/min, 113 470 kg); Vokietijos, D. Britanijos, Italijos 155 mm haubica FH-70 (43,6 kg, 827 m/s, 24 km, ARS – 30 km, 6 šūviai/min, 9300 kg); Rusijos 122 mm haubica D-30 (21,8 kg, 690 m/s, 15,4 km, 6–8 šūviai/min, 3150 kg, galimas aplinkinis šaudymas). JAV, Rusijos ir kt. 155 (152) mm ir 203 mm haubicos savo komplekte gali turėti branduolinius šaudmenis. Pirmosios haubicos pasirodė Europoje XV a. atitikmenys: angl. howitzer rus. гаубица

Artilerijos terminų žodynas – Vilnius: Generolo Jono Žemaičio Lietuvos karo akademija. . 2004.

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  • howitzer — [hou′it sər] n. [Du houvietser < 15th c. Ger haufenitz < Czech houfnice, howitzer, orig., a sling] a short cannon, larger than a mortar, firing shells in a high trajectory …   English World dictionary

  • Howitzer — How itz*er, n. [G. haubitze, formerly hauffnitz, Bohem. haufnice, orig., a sling.] (Mil.) (a) A gun so short that the projectile, which was hollow, could be put in its place by hand; a kind of mortar. [Obs.] (b) A short, light, largebore cannon,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • howitzer — 1680s, via Du. houwitser (1660s), Ger. Haubitze from Bohemian houfnice a catapult, from houf heap, crowd, a loan word from M.H.G. hufe heap. Introduced to German during the Hussite wars, 14c …   Etymology dictionary

  • howitzer — ► NOUN ▪ a short gun for firing shells at a high angle. ORIGIN Dutch houwitser, from Czech houfnice catapult …   English terms dictionary

  • Howitzer — A howitzer is a type of artillery piece that is characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small explosive charges to propel projectiles at trajectories with a steep angle of descent. In the taxonomies of artillery… …   Wikipedia

  • howitzer — 1. A cannon that combines certain characteristics of guns and mortars. The howitzer delivers projectiles with medium velocities, either by low or high trajectories. 2. Normally a cannon with a tube length of 20 to 30 calibers; however, the tube… …   Military dictionary

  • Howitzer — Obusier Howitzer 105 mm M2A1 tracté La définition de l obusier diffère selon les époques. Les premiers obusiers doivent leur nom au fait qu ils tiraient des obus, c est à dire des projectiles creux qui explosaient après leur chute, contrairement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • howitzer — noun /ˈhaʊw.ɪts.ə(ɹ)/ a) A cannon that combines certain characteristics of guns and mortars. The howitzer delivers projectiles with medium velocities, either by low or high trajectories. JP 1 02. b) Normally a cannon with a tube length of 20 to… …   Wiktionary

  • howitzer — UK [ˈhaʊɪtsə(r)] / US [ˈhaʊɪtsər] noun [countable] Word forms howitzer : singular howitzer plural howitzers a type of large gun that soldiers use for firing missiles high into the air …   English dictionary

  • howitzer — /ˈhaʊɪtsə/ (say howitsuh) noun a comparatively short barrelled cannon, used especially for shelling at a steep angle, as in reaching troops behind cover. {earlier hauwitzer, apparently from Dutch houwitser, from houwits(e) catapult. Compare… …  

  • Howitzer — 155 mm Feldhaubitzen Kanadische 105 mm Haubitze C2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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